The Apache 2.0 license was developed in 2004 by the Apache Software Foundation. The document allows individuals and organizations to use, replicate or modify Apache software. In addition, additional requirements are set for the redistribution of the software and users are prohibited from suing each other for patent infringement. For the designated user license, each software license is assigned to a person, as well as a login and password that allow them to access the software securely from any device. Designated user licenses cannot be shared by employees, but it may be possible to transfer them permanently 1:1 between employees. IT organizations can optimize their software editions and save money by managing software licenses. There are many different types of open source software licenses: an indeterminate software license is a license that allows users to use software for an indefinite period, usually for a single price. Indeterminate licenses seem to reduce the cost of lifetime ownership – but beware, because your IT organization may end up paying more for extras such as software upgrades, vendor support and routine maintenance. Open source licenses are licenses that allow the end-user to use, distribute and modify software programs.
A true open source application should match the open source definition, a set of 10 general open source software requirements. Most software companies turn to subscription-based business models to provide better service to their customers. Software subscription plans typically include things like after-sales service, software maintenance and annual updates. For SaaS (software-as-a-service) licenses, the provider can even provide the IT infrastructure needed to support the application. With Cherwell, IT organizations can find new ways to increase efficiency and reduce waste throughout their software licensing allowances, as well as implement all necessary corrective measures to comply with licensing agreements and avoid legal and financial penalties. The result here is that buyers of a derivative software licensed GPL v.3.0 also have the right to obtain the source code, make changes and copy or distribute the program as requested. A computer call center with 100 desktop computers can help 300 employees working in three separate teams. In this case, it would generally be cheaper to buy 100 device licenses (one for each machine) than to buy 300 user licenses (one for each professional). Simultaneous user license allows users of a business or IT organization to share user licenses, provided that the total number of people using the software at any given time does not exceed the total number of licenses available. Compliance with software licenses is driving the introduction of IT asset management tools. Organizations that violate their licensing agreements with software vendors should expect lengthy audits, costly loyalty payments, fines and even litigation.
The MIT license, created at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is another example of a generous license that imposes minimum restrictions on the end user. Restrictive licenses can be referred to by several other names, including reciprocal licenses and copyleft licenses (a game with the term copyright). The most commonly used type of software license is the GNU General Public License (GPL) v3.0, created by the Free Software Foundation.