In India, Leonine contracts are generally considered unscrupulous contracts (although not all Leonine contracts are unacceptable contracts) and can be cancelled. The 199th Law Commission report (2006) on “UNFAIR (PROCEDURAL – SUBSTANTIVE) TERMS IN CONTRACT” addresses this issue. The abuse can be procedural or material. However, standard form contracts are ubiquitous in India and, especially in the digital age, standard form contracts are used much more often than any other form. They may be final if an appropriate notification has been made and the conditions are not inappropriate.  Unfair clauses in unsealed agreements are often struck down.  In order for a contract to be treated as a contract, it must be presented in a standard form based on “take or leave” and not give a party the ability to negotiate because of its uneven negotiating position. The specific review of liability contracts can be carried out in different ways: a law protecting small businesses from abusive contractual clauses in model contracts applies to contracts concluded or renewed on 12 November 2016 or after 12 November 2016, by: if you wish to propose standard form contracts, you cannot include clauses considered abusive. In July 2013, Russian Dmitry Agarkov won a lawsuit against Tinkoff Bank after changing the standard form contract he had received in the mail. Since the bank did not take note of the changes, it accepted the application and gave it an account on the basis of the amended contract. The judge ruled that the bank was legally bound by the contract it had signed. Agarkov is suing the bank for breach of the terms he had added to the contract that it had unknowingly accepted when the contract was signed.
Agarkov`s lawyer, Dmitry Mihalevich, said: “You signed the documents without looking. They said what their borrowers usually say to the court, “We have not read it.”   A standard form contract is a prepared contract, in which most conditions are set in advance, without negotiation between the parties. These contracts are usually printed with only a few spaces to add names, signatures, dates, etc. Oral agreements are based on the good faith of all parties and can be difficult to prove. From the beginning, digital studios, large and small, relied on contracts, SOWs and MSAs that were not quite correct.